WONDERFUL LINKS contact info home page
Home Page
AP English Language and Composition/ENG 121
» AP English Language and Composition Syllabus
» General Handouts for AP/ENG 121
» Peer and/or Proofreading Inquiry
» Standard Rubric for AP Compositions
» Specific Assessment Rubric
» The Rhetorical Triangle
» Figures of Speech: Schemes and Tropes
» Self Evaluation Questions
» Sentence Types and Verbals
» Summer Reading Assignments
» Rubrics
» Personal Narrative Essay
» Argument: Logical Fallacies & Propaganda
» How to Say Nothing in 500 Words
» Stevenson's Cat Bill Veto
» The Dam Letters
» Clinton Speeches
» Lincoln's First Inaugural
» Mid-term Current Issue Project
» Election Reflection Essay
» Faulkner and Morrison Speeches
» Julius Caesar
» Columnist/ Rhetorical Precis Assignment
» A Modest Proposal
» Multiple-Choice Practice Exercises
» The Synthesis Prompt
» Self-Reliance
» First Semester Final Project
» Women’s Brains by Stephen Jay Gould
» Satire Creation Assignment
» The Research Paper
» 'Is Business Bluffing Ethical?'
» In Plato's Cave by Susan Sontag
» Review and Prepare for Exam
» Collaborative Teaching Project
» Vocabulary List
English 10 Honors: American Literature
English 12/LIT 115
AP English Language and Composition/ENG 121 » General Handouts for AP/ENG 121 » The Rhetorical Triangle and Situation


The Rhetorical Triangle The Rhetorical Triangle and Situation
The Diagram of the Components in Meaningful Texts and an Explanation of the Situation in which Rhetoric Arises

For a more detailed copy of this handout as well as a Powerpoint presentation of the rhetorical situation, click on the links at the bottom of the page.

The Rhetorical Triangle

Rhetoric: Our textbook defines rhetoric as "the study and the art of using language effectively." It goes on to elaborate on the modern negative connotations of the term. However, the study of rhetoric is an essential component of many college-level composition courses. Rhetoric encompasses the art of analyzing the language choices authors and speakers (rhetors) use to create meaningful and persuasive texts, texts worth reading or hearing. Furthermore, rhetoric encompasses using those techniques to create meaningful texts. Simply stated, rhetoric makes persuasion possible.

 

The Rhetorical Transaction: According to Aristotle, the rhetorical transaction consists of three basic components: logos - representing the author's ability to reveal logic and reason in the text; ethos - representing the author's ability to reveal his or her credibility in the text, and pathos - representing the author's ability to appeal to the audience through the text. These components are suggested by the rhetorical triangle or Aristotelian triad:

 

The Reader's Rhetorical Triangle

Logos

  • Note the claims the author makes, the exigence.
  • Note the data the author provides in support of the claims.
  • Note the conclusions the author draws.

Ethos

  • Note how the author establishes a persona
  • Note how the author establishes credibility
  • Note any revelation of the author's credentials or personal history

Pathos

  • Note the primary audience for the text
  • Note the emotional appeals the author makes
  • Note the author's expectations of the audience 

 

When reading nonfiction, note the language the author uses to appeal to logos, ethos, and pathos.

 

The Writer's Rhetorical Triangle

Logos

  • Have I established the purpose for my text, and have I utilized the most effective genre?
  • Have I established a clear, reasonable, and logical progression of my ideas?
  • Have I addressed opposing arguments or perspectives?

Ethos

  • Have I established the appropriate persona?
  • Have I established my credibility?
  • Have I expressed my knowledge and expertise of the topic?

Pathos

  • Have I considered the primary audience, the background they have?
  • Does my audience agree with me or will I have to persuade them of the validity of my argument?
  • How will I make my text appeal to my audience?

 

When crafting nonfiction, carefully consider the language choices you will use to appeal to logos, ethos, and pathos.

 

Here is the expanded triangle representing the aspects of the rhetorical transaction:

 

Adapted from http://ecr.lausd.k12.ca.us/staff/jfirestein/The%20Rhetorical%20Triangle.pdf



Related Files

NEED HELP DOWNLOADING:
pdf pdf file: You need Adobe Acrobat Reader (version 7 or higher) to view this file. Download the free Adobe Acrobat Reader for PC or Macintosh.
ppt PPT file: You need Microsoft PowerPoint to view this file. Download a free PowerPoint viewer for PC or Macintosh.

Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack for PowerPoint 2007 File Formats




Mr. Gunnar's English Classes
Jefferson County
Conifer High School
10441 County Hwy 73
Conifer, CO 80433


SchoolWorld an Edline Solution
Teacher Websites © 2014 Edline